Traducción en Español: Operación Cóndor: Una década de terrorismo internacional en el cono sur
|*The Most Important Revelations in The Condor Years||John Dinges, The Condor Years: How Pinochet and His Allies Brought Terrorism to Three Continents (The New Press 2004/2005).Operación Cóndor: Una Década de Terrorismo Internacional en el Cono Sur (Ediciones B 2004/2005). ” Other translations: Os Anos do Condor: Una Década de terrorismo internacional no Cono Sul (Brazil: Companhia das Letras 2005); Les Années Condor: Comment Pinochet et ses alliés ont propagé le terrorisme sur trois continents (Paris: Editions La Découverte 2005, 2008).“Kissinger explained his opinion that the Government of Argentina had done an outstanding job in wiping out terrorist forces.” –State Department cable, 1978.
This is the underground history of the international Dirty Wars by U.S. allies in South America. The years 1973-1983, which I have called the “Condor Years,” brought the first “War on Terrorism” to Latin America. (The parallels to the current wars launched in response to the September 11, 2001, terrorist attack on the United States are a cautionary tale, also described in the book.)
For much of a decade, six allied military governments engaged in secret warfare intended to wipe out their enemies, kidnapping and murdering more than thousands of people in their own countries. At the initiative of Chilean dictator General Augusto Pinochet, they set up a multinational terrorist organization, Operation Condor, to pursue and murder the most prominent exile leaders who were organizing opposition the dictatorships from bases in other Latin American countries, Europe and the United States. The author, award-winning investigative journalist John Dinges, using newly available U.S. documents and the dictatorships’ own files, tells this gripping story from the point of view of those who have tried to keep it secret. He dispassionately lays bare the true extent of U.S. complicity in the crimes of the dictators, who called the United States “the leader” in what they called their anti-Marxist crusade. Revolutionaries, intelligence operatives, U.S. officials–many speaking for the first time–recount the brutal struggle between Condor and its enemies. Revelations in the book include the never before told story of U.S. intelligence lapses that detected, but failed to prevent an assassination by our anticommunist allies on Embassy Row in Washington, DC.
Now, after decades of relentless pursuit, investigators and judges are using the international trail of Condor’s crimes to reverse the impunity the generals have enjoyed for so long, starting with Pinochet’s own arrest in London. The still-ongoing Condor prosecutions are changing international human rights law forever.
Index terms: Operacion Condor, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Brazil, Brasil, Bolivia; Human Rights, torture, repression, CIA, Central Intelligence Agency, Junta Coordinadora Revolucionaria, MIR, ERP, Tupamaros, ELN, Che Guevara, Roberto Santucho, Henry Kissinger, DINA, Military intelligence, inteligencia militar, revolution, Salvador Allende, Stroessner, Hugo Banzer, Jorge Videla, Aparicio Mendez, Juan Jose Torres, SIDE, SID, SIE, Batallon 601, Robert Scherrer, Carlos Prats, Zelmar Michelini, Hector Gutierrez Ruiz, Michael Townley, FBI, Ed Koch, Orlando Letelier, PVP, OPR33, Bernardo Leighton, Baltasar Garzon, Baltazar, assassination, terrorism, war on terror, intelligence failure, Andres Pascal Allende, Edgardo Enriquez, Miguel Enriquez, Manuel Contreras Sepulveda, Jose Osvaldo Riveiro, Jorge Osvaldo Rawson.
Seymour Hersh: “Nobody knows what went wrong inside Chile like John Dinges, and nobody has gotten inside the American operation like he has.”
Reviews of The Condor Years:
Toronto Now: CRUEL CONDOR “Dinges writes that echoes of the Condor campaign reverberate today in the massive pooling of intelligence, the compromised intelligence relationships, the gleaning of information from the torture centres run by U.S. allies and even cross-border targeting for assassinations.”
The Washington Post: “Dinges assembles a scrupulous, well-documented and indignant prosecutor’s brief, all the more arresting for its judiciousness and restraint.”
Foreign Affairs: “This is a remarkable book and a major contribution to the historical record.”
Publishers Weekly: “Soon enough … vivid stories and details emerge: double agents, the euphemisms of the spy trade (e.g. “wet work” for assassinations, bumbling murderers and rebels, and cynical U.S. diplomats. Dinges’s meticulously documented study is a cautionary tale for today’s war on terror…”